ChatGPT: Capabilities and Limitations

December 12, 2022 (1y ago)


ChatGPT, a new AI conversation system, is now available. It is a dependable companion that never needs rest, is never disinterested, and is always ready to help. It's as if you had your own personal genie in a digital bottle which can make your everyday life easier.

ChatGPT has been a trending issue in the press and on social media, with many people experimenting with it and sharing their experiences (we'll highlight several below).

This breakthrough technology created by OpenAI has captivated the world's attention due to its amazing intelligence. ChatGPT's excellent features enable a vast array of potential applications in a variety of industries, despite its imperfections. Let's investigate some of the reasons why ChatGPT is so popular, as well as what the tool has to offer. Note: I edited this paragraph with ChatGPT.

So, what exactly is ChatGPT?

What is ChatGPT

OpenAI's ChatGPT is a prototype chatbot with artificial intelligence that specializes in dialogue. The chatbot is an extensive language model that has been fine-tuned using both supervised and reinforcement learning approaches. OpenAI's GPT-3.5 language model, an enhanced version of GPT-3, served as the basic model that was refined.

ChatGPT was introduced in November 2022 and has earned notice for its thorough responses and intelligent answers, despite criticism over its factual correctness.

What is the purpose of ChatGPT?

ChatGPT is capable of chatting, answering questions, creating content, writing code and debugging, taking exams, manipulating data, explaining and tutoring, and more! Let's look more closely.

Create content as desired

ChatGPT’s flexibility allows it to play around with different content generation use cases as it can generate text as soon as you receive a prompt. For instance, I requested that it compose a song about getting married, which is amusing. Look at what it said:

ChatGPT wrote a song for me

Answering Questions

It can answer questions about most things. Which impressed me a lot. I asked about How do I make an HTTP request in Typescript. Look how impressive It has given me with code snippet.

ChatGPT writing code

Paraphrasing Contents

ChatGPT can assist you if you have a passion for writing but are unsure how to add a touch of elegance and luxury to your words. I recently used this useful tool to help me rewrite a paragraph.

Write Code and Debug Code

Yes, ChatGPT comprehends code, is capable of writing code, and can even assist developers with debugging their code. This was previously inconceivable, yet compared to past AI text generating technologies, ChatGPT seems to grasp the concept effortlessly.

Take Tests

ChatGPT can even take exams. Even though it only earned 52%, it is noteworthy that an AI bot can complete a difficult SAT exam.

Data manipulation

The data manipulation capabilities of ChatGPT are quite remarkable! It is able to generate data in a table, add indexes, comprehend JSON, and more.

Clarify and Instruct

It's remarkable how well ChatGPT can assist in explaining vocabulary, code, mathematics and even physics. As AI tutoring skills such as ChatGPT are polished and improved over time, they could significantly alter how students interact with the environment. For example, I asked about The theory of relativity.

ChatGPT explaining the theory of relativity

ChatGPT's Limitations

I have discussed numerous remarkable ChatGPT features. Let's now discuss some of its limitations.

Incorrect Answers

As ChatGPT is a language model, it will invariably generate incorrect results. Occasionally, it is in fact extremely wrong. Andrew Ng, a computer scientist, finds it "sometimes hilariously wrong." As noted by Arvind Narayanan on Twitter, ChatGPT occasionally gives the sense that it is quite confident in its incorrect responses, which can be dangerous given that you cannot detect when it is incorrect unless you already know the true answer (see below).

Due to the fact that ChatGPT occasionally provides incorrect information, StackOverflow banned ChatGPT three days ago, stating, "Overall, because the average rate of getting correct answers from ChatGPT is too low, the posting of answers created by ChatGPT is substantially harmful to the site and to users who are asking or looking for correct answers."

Insufficiency of Training Data

Like many AI models, ChatGPT's training data is limited. Lack of training data and biases in training data might significantly impact model performance.

Bias Issues

ChatGPT is capable of producing discriminatory findings. In actuality, ChatGPT has proven prejudice against minority groups. When the training data is skewed, the resulting model will also be skewed. This is an issue faced by practically every AI tool, and it's crucial to remember and address it as we work to ensure technological justice and decrease bias.


There is a Twitter thread about the number of GPUs required to run ChatGPT. The conclusion is that operating ChatGPT is extremely costly. Given that ChatGPT is a free service, it is unknown how sustainable it is and for how long it will continue to operate:

Questions of Stability and Capacity

Despite ChatGPT's potential for various use cases, it is not clear if and when it can be commercially deployed due to the restrictions mentioned above. However, I am optimistic that ChatGPT may overcome these restrictions, and I eagerly anticipate the next breakthrough!